Druid Clan of Celliwig

  Drewydh Kordh Celliwig
 

Celliwig, Kelly Rounds

Culhwch and Olwen

Archaeologists have stumbled across a "rare and significant" piece of jewellery close to a North Cornwall site linked to King Arthur.
The Romano-British brooch was found in a field at St Mabyn, near Wadebridge - less than a mile from a hill fort which Welsh writers once suggested might have been Arthur's Camelot.

The discovery begs the question as to whether the brooch might once have belonged to Arthur's queen, Guinevere.

The hill fort is today known as Castle Killibury, and although it has itself been the subject of some archaeological exploration the site has for centuries been ploughed. It has therefore yielded little of interest.
The brooch was found in a meadow known as Chapelfield, where developers are now seeking planning permission to build 14 houses.
The piece of jewellery is made of a copper alloy and the archaeologists think it dates from the 5th or 6th centuries – around the time a real King Arthur might have lived.

The brooch is the first evidence to suggest that the St Mabyn area was home to the wealthy or powerful 1,500 years ago.

The artefact is currently undergoing recording and conservation at the Royal Cornwall Museum.

The limited excavations at nearby Castle Killibury, sometimes known as" Kelly Rounds," have also found fragments of imported Mediterranean pottery, indicating that the site was also used in the 5th or 6th centuries.
The fort is a banked and ditched defensive site, associated with other, smaller earthworks nearby.

Some Arthurian scholars claim that the 11th century Welsh tale of Culhwch and Olwen – thought to be the very first literary reference to a legendary King Arthur – place his headquarters at "Celliwig in Cornwall".

They suggest that the similarity of the name, and the fact that it is a hill fort from the right period in history, place the site at Castle Killibury. Other scholars dispute this, and say the Culhwch and Olwen story places Arthur's headquarters in Wales.

The St Mabyn brooch was found in May and is described in a report written last month. A few weeks ago, archaeologists commissioned by English Heritage found evidence of an important Romano-British castle at Tintagel, long celebrated by poets as King Arthur's birthplace


source: West Briton Newspapers : August 14, 2016

Culhwch (or Kilhwch) and Olwen,  often referred to as ‘the Oldest Arthurian tale’, was written in c1090 and is the oldest and the longest to appear in the Welsh Mabinogion.  

Set in the court of Arthur, the story tells of the feats which the hero, Culhwch, must accomplish in order to win Olwen, whose father is Ysbaddaden, the Chief Giant, whose eyes are so heavy that they need to be propped up with forks or spears.  

Another giant to play a minor role within the tale is Gwrnach, whose sword is needed to complete one of the tasks set by Ysbaddaden.

In the story Culhwch, who is cousin to Arthur, begins his quest by travelling to the Court of Arthur, Celliwig.


Kelly Rounds, Celliwig : nr Wadebridge

Ramano-British Broaches of the kind found near 
Castle Killibury (Celliwig)